What is the Internet of Things (IoT) and how does it work?

Acronym of “Internet of Things“, the IoT designates a system where the physical objects, identified in a direct and standardized digital way (via protocols SMTP, HTTP, an IP address etc …), are connected to Internet thanks to a system of RFID, Wi-Fi or Bluetooth wireless communication.

The essential components of an IoT solution

Several elements are needed to build an IoT solution:

  • Objects
  • The network
  • The data
  • Operating systems

The objects constitute all the equipments integrating sensors making possible to detect and to generate exploitable data such as the temperature, the humidity, the positioning, the time of operation …

Different devices can be introduced such as sensors, meters as well as building management systems or other in order to communicate and interact with other systems. This communication between objects and network allows the IOT to offer a wide range of applications.

Storage and processing of collected data

The large amount of data produced by the connected objects requires a gigantic data storage and processing system of big data.

Deported solutions on servers and algorithms receive data from objects to store, analyze, process, and automate them.

The general public use of IOT

The “general public” uses of IOT extends to smartphones, watches, household appliances, home automation, e-health.

In the field of industry, the IoT offers extraordinary possibilities, from the simplest in sensors and measurement, to the most complex, robotics, digital controls, remote control, etc. We will talk here about Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT).

Future applications of IOT

In logistics, IOT facilitates inventory management and routing by offering traceability of goods.

In the field of the environment, the IOT makes it possible to control the quality of the air, the temperature, the level of noise as well as the state of the buildings

In the field of home automation, the IOT offers fast and easy communication between household appliances, sensors (thermostat, smoke detectors, presence detectors, etc.), smart meters and security systems.

The IOT phenomenon is also present in the field of health and well-being with the development of connected watches, connected wristbands and other sensors monitoring vital constants.

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